Following the fall of communism in the early 1990s, there was a dramatic rise in drug abuse and addiction in Poland. Its weak border control has made Poland a transit country for drug dealers in Eastern and Western Europe. This has tremendously increased the access people have to drugs. Currently, 10- and 11-year-old children have easy access to dealers who trade in primary schools or in their neighborhoods. About 3 percent of the population are addicted to drugs, and more than three million people are experimenting with various types of drugs and chemical substances. Drug addiction is closely linked to a variety of other problems. Severe drug addiction has contributed to or been linked with HIV/AIDS, dementia, schizophrenia, and paralysis. And addiction can contribute to a variety of social problems like neglect, isolation, financial strain, unemployment, and social dislocation. Drug rehabilitation centers in Poland fall short in addressing the full spectrum of addicts’ needs. For example, while a number of drug rehabilitation centers were started in the 1980s and 1990s by the government, they did not address the needs of HIV-positive addicts. In general, Polish programs are insufficiently funded and often fail in helping their patients. A majority accept aggression, even violence, between patients and therapists. Such tactics contribute to a high dropout rate in drug addiction therapy, and patients who drop out are usually not allowed to reenter the programs.